The Endocannabinoid System and How It Works

The human body is a fascinating thing. It’s able to break down, build up, digest, and connect things in and out of our bodies all of the time, whether we notice it or not. One of these fascinating parts of the human body is the endocannabinoid system. 

Endo stands for endogenous, and in context to biology it usually refers to something internal or originates from within the body. Cannabinoids are the group of chemicals and compounds that activate this system. 

The endocannabinoid system is responsible for maintaining many of our normal bodily functions. This internal system is actually possibly the single-most important system within our bodies. It is also responsible for maintaining homeostasis. Basically, if our endocannabinoid system is out-of-whack the whole body could be at risk as it is responsible for many of our normal day to day functions. 

According to Leaf Science, the endocannabinoid system is also involved with regulating these functions of the human body as well.

  • Appetite
  • Metabolism
  • Pain
  • Sleep
  • Mood
  • Movement
  • Temperature
  • Memory and learning
  • Immune function
  • Inflammation
  • Neural development
  • Neuroprotection
  • Cardiovascular function
  • Digestion
  • Reproduction

The endocannabinoid system would be considered unhealthy or at risk in individuals who suffer from PTSD, depression, bipolar disorder, Alzheimer's, Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) , arthritis, Parkinson's Disease and more. Generally any illness that affects normal brain, digestive, or muscle function can benefit from added cannabinoids through the consumption of THC, CBD, or hemp. Endocannabinoids can actually directly respond to these illnesses, through the usage of cannabis.

“When you consume marijuana, large amounts of cannabinoids enter the body and stick around. This means that the endocannabinoid system is activated more strongly and for longer than it would usually be,” also according to Leaf Science. “The endocannabinoid system has two receptors: CB1 and CB2. Each receptor responds to different cannabinoids, but some cannabinoids can interact with both.The distribution of CB1 and CB2 receptors within the body and brain explains why cannabinoids have certain effects”.

Studies have shown that when cannabis is used in medicine or for illness and disease it can have outstanding effects. One of the most popular topics and related recent studies are addressing if the use of cannabis to increase cannabinoids is an effective treatment for cancer patients. 

For thousands of years cannabis has been used as a medicine, due to recent advancements in science and technology we have found out exactly why and how cannabis is actually quite helpful to the human body  and our overall physical and mental health. Although we now know cannabis can directly reach and target the endocannabinoid system, there is of course always more research to be done.